A Beginner's Guide to Industrial Automation

A Beginner's Guide to Industrial Automation

February 2, 2018

Today’s ever-increasing competition in all industries compels a business to produce high quality and most consistent products at a competitive price. To address this challenge, a number of industries are considering various new product designs and integrated manufacturing techniques in parallel with the increased use of automated devices.

 

One of the most remarkable and influential solutions of the above-mentioned challenge is the adoption of Industrial Automation. Industrial Automation facilitates to increase the product quality, reliability, and production rate while reducing production and design cost by adopting new, innovative and integrated technologies and services.

What is Industrial Automation?

 

For beginners, Industrial automation is the use of control systems, such as computers or robots, and information technologies for handling different processes and machinery in an industry. It is a step forward in the path towards modernization of the Manufacturing Industry.

 

Earlier the purpose of automation was to increase productivity (since automated systems can work 24 hours a day), and to reduce the cost associated with human operators (i.e. wages & benefits). However, today, the focus of automation has shifted to increasing quality and flexibility in a manufacturing process. For example, In the automobile industry, the installation of pistons into the engines used to be performed manually with an error rate of 1-1.5%. Presently, this task is performed using automated machinery with an error rate of 0.00001%, which is a remarkable improvement.

 

Why Industrial Automation? 

The current industrial world is facing many challenges. The advent of new-age Technology & technological innovations has increased the urgent demand for premium quality products and services that can only be supplied by implementing a high level of productivity & efficiency. This requirement needs new-age process engineering systems, automated manufacturing, and industrial automation systems to achieve the desired goal.

 

Advantages of Implementing Automation Technology

 

To increase productivity

 

Automation of factory or manufacturing or process plant improves production rate through a better control of production. It helps to produce mass production by drastically reducing assembly time per product with a greater production quality. Therefore, for a given labor input it produces a large amount of output.

 

To provide optimum cost of operation

 

Integration of various processes in the industry with automated machinery minimizes cycle times and effort and hence the need for human labor gets reduced. Thus the investment on employees gets reduced with automation.

 

To improve product quality

 

Since automation reduces the human involvement, the possibility of human errors also gets drastically reduced. Uniformity and product quality with a greater accuracy can be maintained with automation by controlling and monitoring the industrial processes in all stages right from the inception of a product to the manufacturing process to its final form.

 

To reduce routine checks

 

Automation completely reduces the need for manual checking of various process parameters. By taking advantage of automation technologies, industrial processes automatically adjusts process variables to set or desired values using closed-loop control techniques.

 

To raise the level of safety

 

Industrial Automation raises the level of safety of personnel by substituting them with automated machines in difficult & hazardous working conditions. Traditionally, industrial robots and robotic devices are implemented in such risky and hazardous places, where it is not possible for humans to operate.

 

Therefore, to catch up with the ever-increasing competition in the Manufacturing Industry, it is now more important than ever to move forwards hand-in-hand with the Technological Advancements.

 

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